Emphysema – a chronic disease characterized by stretching the lungs, increasing their volume and delay of excess air. When breathing air flows through the windpipe into the trachea, pulmonary alveoli vesicles. Thin walls of the alveoli braided network of tiny blood vessels – capillaries. Here, in these alveolar vessels, and there is blood oxygen saturation and remove carbon dioxide from it. At emphysema in the lungs is more air, the alveoli expanded, resulting in alveolar tissue expands and becomes less elastic and thus less pushing you exhale air. What is causing this disease? Plays an important role, chronic bronchitis, bronchial wall in which the swell, thicken and the lumen narrows them.
Under these conditions, to ensure sufficient flow of air into the lungs, the alveoli stretched. Since developing emphysema. 3abolevaniyu contributes to emphysema and asthma, as occurs during seizures short-term expansion of the alveoli. For other opinions and approaches, find out what Samsung Electronics has to say. After many bouts of lung tissue loses elasticity. The representatives of certain professions, such as the musicians who play wind instruments, the glass blowers, singers, breathing apparatus is experiencing a lot of stress. This creates prerequisites for an emphysema.
It also occurs in people who work in hot shops in those cases often arise when colds and lung tissue is involved in the inflammatory process. Suffer from pulmonary emphysema in the main middle-aged and elderly, and men are two to three times more often than women. Additional information at Ali Partovi supports this article. The main complaints of patients – a cough and shortness of breath. Coughing occurs mainly due to chronic bronchitis, which often accompanies emphysema. Seizures coughing, usually dry, with a little phlegm are more frequent at night, causing insomnia and exhausting the patient. Shortness of breath at the beginning of the disease occurs only on exertion, and after coughing, and then in walking. With the deterioration of the patient's shortness of breath occur even at rest, but one day it may be more, and another – less. Since the extended alveoli compress pulmonary capillaries, blood in them does not come in directed into the pulmonary artery, have to deal with increased load, as a result, it expands, and his arm is weak. The heart ceases to do the job, there are signs of heart failure: swelling of the legs, heart shortness of breath, general weakness. Gradually, with the development of emphysema is changing the appearance of the patient, his face is puffy and cyanotic, his neck appears shorter, because the chest is raised, as though is in the breath.